North Pacific Groundfish
Alaska Shellfish (Crab)
West Coast Groundfish
Pacific Islands Region
Alaska Marine Mammal
West Coast Groundfish Observer Program
The groundfish resource along the California, Oregon, and Washington coast includes over 90 different species of fish. Groundfish trawlers work out of ports along the coast to catch multiple species of rockfish, flatfish, whiting/hake, and black cod, as well as sharks, skates, and other species.
Since 2011, this fishery has been managed under a “catch share” program that divides the total quota into shares which are allotted to individual fishermen. Participating vessels are required to carry an observer who collects biological samples, information on fishing effort, and scientific data regarding catch, bycatch, and discards. NMFS uses the observer data for in-season management and to account for all discards in the fishery.